When Joints are Stiff or Painful
For full and pain-free movement your joints need to move freely in all directions that they were designed to. If they become locked or restricted in any particular direction, you may experience pain and/or stiffness.Joint mobilisation techniques focus on attaining a normal range of pain-free joint motion. Nearly every restriction in movement can be regained by a specific joint technique performed by an experienced musculoskeletal physiotherapist. And the good news is ... joint mobilisation techniques have certainly improved over the years with very gentle and pain-free options available. We use joint mobilization techniques when the motion of joints are limited; producing arthrokinematic (sliding, distraction, pivoting) movements that need to occur with normal motion. Mobilization techniques are graded and varied based on the acuity of the condition and pain tolerances. Restoring normal joint mobility early in the treatment program will ultimately lead to a quicker return to normal motion.
The therapeutic use of manual traction (use of the therapist’s hands that combine joint and soft tissue mobilization), to produce a combination of distraction and gliding in the cervical (neck) and lumbar (low back) spine, may be effective in relieving pain, increasing joint mobility and increasing muscle flexibility.